Title:Talking about malocclusion, family medical dentistryPublished day:2019/1/25
Talking about malocclusion, family medical dentistry
1. How to determine if the gums are not properly engaged?
The gingival malocclusion is mainly divided into two parts: the appearance of the face and the examination of the dentition in the mouth:
1. Facial appearance: It mainly checks three aspects of facial symmetry, lateral appearance, and facial development abnormality. The incidence ratio of abnormal facial appearance is quite stable and does not increase due to age.
2. Intraoral examination: including six categories of Anger's occlusion abnormality, horizontal vertical bite, anterior teeth malocclusion, posterior teeth misplacement, space allocation and developmental abnormalities, some of which have little change, some projects It will change dramatically with age.
Normal occlusion relationship QuickTime? and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
2. When did the gingival correction treatment begin?
According to clinical research, the rate of malocclusion from 7 to 16 years has increased from 42.1% to 81.4%. A large reason is due to acquired factors. If appropriate preventive treatment can be done, it should be Reduce the rate at which misalignment occurs. For school-age children, especially those who change their teeth, they should be regularly checked by a correctional doctor and some preventive treatments should be done in a timely manner to reduce the occurrence of malocclusion.
3. What are the effects of gingival malocclusion?
The effects of gingival malocclusion can be divided into three aspects: aesthetics, function and health.
1. Aesthetics: The shape of the dentition and the tibia takes up a pivotal role in assessing the beauty of the face. The appearance defects caused by malocclusion may lead to a child's lack of self-confidence and affect interpersonal relationships. That is, physical and mental development.
2. Functional aspects: If there is a problem of dentition, it will affect the function of occlusion more or less. There are 32 human dentitions, which have their own functions according to individual forms, with neuromuscular system. The chewing movement to eat is a very complicated process, and the teeth and mouth are the first level of the entire digestive system.
Affecting children's digestive function, malocclusion may also affect the chewing muscles and nervous system, causing symptoms of pain and discomfort. Another major impact on function is the problem of pronunciation. Different types of occlusion will hinder some special pronunciations, and children will not be able to speak correctly. It will also lead to bad results in learning ability and language expression.
3. In terms of health: Improper occlusion can affect the maintenance of oral hygiene. The most common is the crowding of teeth, which causes many dead spots on the cleansing. The accumulation of long-term plaque and food residue can affect the dyeing of the teeth and bad breath. Interpersonal relationships can seriously cause dental caries or irreversible damage such as periodontal disease.
4. What are the treatments for gingival malocclusion?
Although there are many reasons for the malocclusion of the gums are congenital, but some are formed by acquired factors. If parents can do preventive work, the incidence of malocclusion will be greatly reduced. Current methods for treating occlusal malocclusion include: space maintainers, early blockade therapy, early tibial growth adjustment, early fixed orthodontic devices, and traditional fixed orthodontic devices; the most important thing to prevent occlusion is to take good care of them. Deciduous teeth, correcting the concept that deciduous teeth will be replaced without treatment, because they maintain the space needed for permanent teeth germination. If the deciduous teeth are lost prematurely, whether it is eclipse or extraction, it will begin to lose the space of the teeth, so we The deciduous teeth should be maintained as much as possible to the time it should fall off to maintain the maximum available space for permanent teeth. Regular dental check-ups every six months are absolutely necessary because the changes in the teeth during the tooth change are quite rapid, preventing the loss of space due to tooth decay and the cooperation of the parents and the dentist.