Caption: The president of the Three General Beitou Branch leads all the doctors, and I wish you all a happy and happy New Year.
The focus of this issue:
[Special report]: "Influenza big knowledge"
[Introduction of physicians in this hospital]: Dr. Ma Jingchao and Dr. Zheng Kairen.
★According to the regulations on smoke prevention and control, the indoor and outdoor areas of this hospital are completely smoke-free. Please do not smoke in the hospital. Thank you for your cooperation! Smoking cessation line 28935869#12.
★ National Army Suicide Control Center 24-hour service telephone 0800-395-995, there are psychiatric specialists, psychologists, social workers, and occupational therapists to serve you, please use more, the General Hospital of the Three Armies Beitou Branch cares about you!
Influenza big knowledge
Influenza is referred to as influenza, and influenza is an acute viral respiratory disease. The main cause of the disease is influenza virus. Influenza viruses can be classified into three types: A, B, and C. Only type A and type B can cause seasonal epidemics. The main seasonal influenza viruses in Taiwan include the H3N2 subtype of influenza A virus and the H1N1 subtype, and the influenza B virus. The so-called cold, laryngitis, bronchitis, viral pneumonia and indistinguishable acute respiratory diseases are all likely to be caused by influenza infection.
The flu may have symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, runny nose, sore throat, and cough. Most people usually recover completely within two weeks. However, some people may develop serious complications such as the lungs, nervous system, myocarditis/pericarditis or invasive bacterial infections after being infected with the flu virus, which may require hospitalization or even death. According to statistics, these high-risk groups that may be complicated by severe illness include the elderly, infants, pregnant women, immune dysfunction, and those suffering from asthma, diabetes, cardiovascular, lung, liver, kidney and other diseases or BMI≧30.
It is mainly spread by droplets in confined spaces; since influenza viruses can survive for several hours in cold and low humidity environments, they may also be transmitted through contact.
1. "Cough etiquette and hand hygiene"
(1) Cover your mouth and nose with toilet paper when you cough, then throw the paper into the trash can.
(2) If you can tolerate, wear a mask when coughing.
(3) Wash your hands after touching your respiratory secretions (use alcoholic dry cleansing lotion or soap and water to wash your hands).
(4) Keep a distance of 1 meter (3 feet) or more from others as much as possible.
2. Reduce access to public places; if you are out, please remember to wear a mask and pay attention to cough etiquette. When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief or sleeve to avoid the spread of the virus.
3. Vaccination: The best way to prevent flu is to inoculate the stream.
Sense vaccine; healthy adults can reach about 70-80% protection. High-risk groups with flu and severe flu such as those over 65 years old should receive vaccination every year to prevent complications caused by influenza.
4. If you have flu-like symptoms such as fever or cough, it is recommended to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. After taking a doctor, try to rest at home, such as breathing difficulties, shortness of breath, cyanosis (hypoxia), blood stasis or sputum thickening, chest pain, consciousness change or When there are signs of danger such as hypotension, you should be alert and refer to the hospital as soon as possible.
Our hospital's preventive flu caring service:
• Free patient and visitor family masks and alcohol dry hand lotions in the hospital door, emergency room and service desk.
• Free use of alcohol-based dry hand lotion in public areas of the hospital.
Source: Department of Health and Welfare Disease Control Agency